Dynamic map of protein interactions in the Escherichia coli chemotaxis pathway.

TitleDynamic map of protein interactions in the Escherichia coli chemotaxis pathway.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKentner, D, Sourjik, V
JournalMol Syst Biol
Date Published2009
KeywordsChemotaxis, Escherichia coli Proteins, Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer, Kinetics, Protein Binding, Signal Transduction

Protein-protein interactions play key roles in virtually all cellular processes, often forming complex regulatory networks. A powerful tool to study interactions in vivo is fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), which is based on the distance-dependent energy transfer from an excited donor to an acceptor fluorophore. Here, we used FRET to systematically map all protein interactions in the chemotaxis signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, one of the most studied models of signal transduction, and to determine stimulation-induced changes in the pathway. Our FRET analysis identified 19 positive FRET pairs out of the 28 possible protein combinations, with 9 pairs being responsive to chemotactic stimulation. Six stimulation-dependent and five stimulation-independent interactions were direct, whereas other interactions were apparently mediated by scaffolding proteins. Characterization of stimulation-induced responses revealed an additional regulation through activity dependence of interactions involving the adaptation enzyme CheB, and showed complex rearrangement of chemosensory receptors. Our study illustrates how FRET can be efficiently employed to study dynamic protein networks in vivo.

Alternate JournalMol. Syst. Biol.