Phosphorylation signalling through the Legionella quorum sensing histidine kinases LqsS and LqsT converges on the response regulator LqsR.

TitlePhosphorylation signalling through the Legionella quorum sensing histidine kinases LqsS and LqsT converges on the response regulator LqsR.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSchell, U, Kessler, A, Hilbi, H
JournalMol Microbiol
Volume92
Issue5
Pagination1039-55
Date Published2014 Jun
ISSN1365-2958
Abstract

The environmental bacterium Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease, a life-threatening pneumonia. For cell-cell communication the bacteria employ the autoinducer LAI-1 (3-hydroxypentadecane-4-one), which is produced and detected by the Lqs (Legionella quorum sensing) system. The system comprises the autoinducer synthase LqsA, the putative sensor kinases LqsS and LqsT, and the prototypic response regulator LqsR. Lqs-regulated processes include L. pneumophila-phagocyte interactions, production of extracellular filaments, and natural competence. Using biochemical approaches we show here that LqsS and LqsT are autophosphorylated by [γ-(32) P]-ATP at a conserved histidine residue (H200 or H204 ) located in their cytoplasmic histidine kinase domain. Pull-down assays revealed that LqsS and LqsT are bound by LqsR or phospho-LqsR. Dependent on the conserved receiver domain aspartate (D108 ), the response regulator prevented autophosphorylation of both sensor kinases by catalysing the dephosphorylation of phospho-LqsS or phospho-LqsT. Moreover, LqsR formed dimers upon phosphorylation at D108 by either acetyl-phosphate or phospho-LqsT. Finally, upon heterologous production in Escherichia coli, LqsT (but not LqsS) was autophosphorylated by ATP, and LqsR prevented the autophosphorylation by catalysing the dephosphorylation of phospho-LqsT. In summary, these results indicate that phosphorylation signalling through the Legionella quorum sensing histidine kinases LqsS and LqsT converges on the response regulator LqsR.

DOI10.1111/mmi.12612
Alternate JournalMol. Microbiol.