The hydrolysis of unsubstituted N-acylhomoserine lactones to their homoserine metabolites. Analytical approaches using ultra performance liquid chromatography.

TitleThe hydrolysis of unsubstituted N-acylhomoserine lactones to their homoserine metabolites. Analytical approaches using ultra performance liquid chromatography.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsEnglmann, M, Fekete, A, Kuttler, C, Frommberger, M, Li, X, Gebefügi, I, Fekete, J, Schmitt-Kopplin, P
JournalJ Chromatogr A
Volume1160
Issue1-2
Pagination184-93
Date Published2007 Aug 10
ISSN0021-9673
KeywordsBurkholderia, Chromatography, Liquid, Half-Life, Homoserine, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Hydrolysis, Kinetics, Lactones, Regression Analysis, Time Factors
Abstract

Derivatives of N-acylhomoserine lactones (HSLs) with different alkanoyl side chains occur as quorum or diffusion sensing molecules in gram-negative bacteria and their quantitative chemical analysis became important as a possible way to follow regulation processes of their pathogenicity towards plants and animals. The lactone-ring of HSLs is chemically and biologically not stable: the corresponding serines can be formed in alkaline conditions and these may presumably behave inactive for the biological system. A fast and MS compatible liquid chromatographic method applying high pressure (ultra performance liquid chromatography) with diode array detection was optimized for the rapid quantitative determination of HSLs and their corresponding hydrolysis products. The technique was used to follow and model the hydrolysis reactions of HSLs as function of pH under controlled conditions. Moreover, the method could be triggered to allow a confirmation in the assignment of the potential HSLs in real samples by analysis of the real samples before and after hydrolysis. Quantitative performance characteristics and the character of the hydrolysis reaction were studied as well. The optimized method was successfully applied to a bacterial culture supernatant real sample containing HSLs.

DOI10.1016/j.chroma.2007.05.059
Alternate JournalJ Chromatogr A