Competitive and cooperative effects in quorum-sensing-regulated galactoglucan biosynthesis in Sinorhizobium meliloti.

TitleCompetitive and cooperative effects in quorum-sensing-regulated galactoglucan biosynthesis in Sinorhizobium meliloti.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMcIntosh, M, Krol, E, Becker, A
JournalJ Bacteriol
Date Published2008 Aug
KeywordsAcyl-Butyrolactones, Bacterial Proteins, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Consensus Sequence, DNA, Bacterial, Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay, Galactans, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Glucans, Models, Biological, Molecular Sequence Data, Polysaccharides, Bacterial, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Quorum Sensing, Sinorhizobium meliloti

The symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti possesses the Sin quorum-sensing system based on N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) as signal molecules. The Sin system consists of SinI, the AHL synthase, and SinR, the LuxR-type regulator. This system regulates the expression of a multitude of S. meliloti genes through ExpR, another LuxR-type regulator. Analysis of the activity of the sinI promoter showed that the expression of sinI is dependent on sinR and enhanced by a combination of expR and Sin AHLs. The characterization of the ExpR binding site upstream of sinI and the identification of binding sites upstream of the galactoglucan biosynthesis genes wgaA (expA1) and wgeA (expE1) allowed the definition of a consensus sequence for these binding sites. Based on this consensus, two additional ExpR binding sites in the promoter regions of exoI and exsH, two genes related to the production of succinoglycan, were found. The specific binding of ExpR to the wgaA and wgeA promoters was enhanced in the presence of oxo-C(14)-HL. Positive regulation of the galactoglucan biosynthesis genes by ExpR was shown to be dependent on WggR (ExpG) and influenced by MucR, both of which are previously characterized regulators of these genes. Based on these results, a reworked model of the Sin-ExpR quorum-sensing regulation scheme of galactoglucan production in S. meliloti is suggested.

Alternate JournalJ. Bacteriol.